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Biography of Robert Thomson Leiper

Robert Thomson Leiper
Robert Thomson Leiper

Robert Thompson Leiper was a Glasgow graduate and a distinguished helminthologist who made ground-breaking discoveries about parasitic worms.

Leiper was born in Kilmarnock in 1881 and educated at Warwick School and Mason University College, Birmingham. He then began his studies at Glasgow University's medical school, graduating with an MB ChB in 1904. His interests were in research and he won a Carnegie scholarship in Biology. His focus was firmly on helminthology, a subject in which he became the first lecturer at the London School of Tropical Medicine in 1905.

He travelled extensively. In 1906-07, while working under Arthur Looss in Cairo, he became interested in the human blood-fluke Schistosoma, the cause of bilharzias, a disease endemic in the Nile Delta. Leiper's major research enabled him to unravel the complexities of its lifecycle and show that there were two schistosomes in Egypt, each with a different lifecycle.

He continued to accumulate Glasgow degrees, DSc in 1911 and an MD with Honours in 1917. In 1919 he was appointed Professor of Helminthology at the London School of Tropical Medicine and in 1924 director of the Department of Parasitology. He was elected FRS in 1923 and FRCP in 1936, and he was appointed CMG in 1941. In 1955 he received an Honorary LLD from the University of Glasgow. Other prestigious honours included the Mary Kingsley medal of the Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine and the Bernard Nocht medal from the Tropeninstitut in Hamburg. He died on 21 May 1969 in St. Albans.


Robert Thomson Leiper

Born 17 April 1881, Kilmarnock, Scotland.
Died 21 May 1969.
GU Degrees: MB ChB, 1904; DSc, 1911; MD, 1917; LLD, 1955;
University Link: Alumnus, Honorary Graduate
Occupation categories: helminthologists
Additional Information: R3/1/1 (vol 2)
Record last updated: 1st Dec 2015

Country Associations

Scotland Scotland
Place of Birth

China China

Egypt Egypt

Nigeria Nigeria

Uganda Uganda

University Connections

University Roles

  • Alumnus
  • Honorary Graduate

World Changing Achievements

Robert Thomson Leiper is listed on the University of Glasgow World Changing website.